An Overview of Wool Carpet
Wool is the most commonly used natural fiber in carpeting. Even with so many synthetic carpet fibers available, wool continues to have its own foothold in the carpeting industry. It is naturally resilient and will retain its original texture and appearance for upwards of twenty years, as long as it is maintained properly.
Wool does require a bit more maintenance than other carpets due to its natural composition. It is highly recommended to have wool carpets professionally cleaned since even a minor mistake can lead to an irreparable issue. Wool carpets will also shed, especially at the beginning of their life cycle.
Unfortunately, wool is a bit of a stain magnet. Even a small spill will most likely stain. This is due to wools natural absorbency. Treat any spills as quickly as possible. Time is of the essence, and if the spill is allowed to soak into the fiber, it will stain permanently. That being said, wool does have natural soil resistance, and may not show dirt the way that synthetic fibers do.
As opposed to synthetic fibers, wool is resistant to fire and flame. Wool does not “burn”, instead it tends to char or blacken. Conversely, nylon or polyester, will burn easily and the fibers will melt.
Since wool is so highly absorbent, it acts as a natural humidifier. This is a fantastic choice for homes that are not in exceptionally damp areas. This also means that wool carpeting should never be installed in bathrooms, laundry rooms, or anywhere else where liquid and humidity are a concern. If wool is not given time to naturally dry out, mold and mildew can form. If the climate does not allow a reprieve from humidity, a dehumidifier is recommended.
The only other downside to wool carpeting is its cost. Wool is quite a bit more expensive than nylon or polyester, even at its cheapest. In the world of carpeting, you get what you pay for, and wool is no exception. It will cost 2 or 3 times that of its closest competitor in nylon or polyester. However, with regular maintenance, wool will outlast most other carpeting types.